Ultimate Surf Fishing Bait Guide for Anglers

“Surf fishing baits are the palette of nature, each a stroke in the masterpiece of luring the elusive catch.”

Surf fishing, a dynamic and exhilarating form of angling, involves casting lines into the breaking waves from the shoreline. 

We’ll explore how the right bait can be a game-changer, increasing your chances of a rewarding catch and turning an ordinary day at the beach into a memorable angling adventure.

surf fishing Bait

Best Surf Fishing Baits

“In the world of surf fishing, baits are the whispers that call the inhabitants of the deep to join the dance along the shore.”

Surf fishing offers anglers the choice between natural and artificial baits, each with advantages and considerations. “

Choose your surf fishing bait with the wisdom of the tides and the angler’s patience; let the dialogue with the sea unfold.”

Here are some of the best bait for surf fishing:

  1. Shrimp
  2. Sand Fleas
  3. Bloodworms
  4. Squid
  5. Baitfish
  6. Artificial baits
  7. Topwater Lures

Natural Baits

“Surf fishing baits are the keys to the ocean’s treasure chest, unlocking the secrets of the underwater world with each cast.”



Fresh shrimp is an excellent surf fishing bait due to its natural scent and lifelike appearance. 

Anglers often prefer fresh shrimp for its robust fragrance, which can be a powerful attractant for various fish species. 

When opting for fresh shrimp, it’s crucial to consider its source and ensure it is high-quality. 

Frozen shrimp:

Frozen shrimp offers convenience and an extended shelf life, making it a practical choice for anglers needing more immediate access to fresh bait. When using frozen shrimp, it’s vital to thaw it properly to preserve its texture and scent. 

Allow the shrimp to thaw in a refrigerator or a bucket of cold seawater to prevent it from becoming mushy. 

Despite being frozen, quality frozen shrimp can still be an effective bait, especially when fishing in locations where fresh shrimp might be scarce.

Live shrimp:

Live shrimp is a highly attractive bait for many saltwater species. 

Rigging live shrimp involves hooking it strategically to allow for natural movement in the water. 

Depending on the size of the shrimp and the target species, anglers may use a variety of rigs, such as a Carolina rig or a simple hook through the tail. 

Live shrimp can be particularly enticing to predatory fish, and its natural movements in the water make it a go-to choice in situations where a lifelike presentation is crucial.

Dead or Cut Shrimp

Using dead or cut shrimp provides an alternative for anglers who may not have access to live bait. 

Rigging dead shrimp involves threading it onto the hook or cutting it into smaller pieces. 

This presentation can still be effective, especially for bottom-feeding species like flounder. 

Anglers often use dead shrimp with other baits or as part of a more extensive bait presentation, enhancing its visibility and scent in the water.

Shrimp bait is particularly effective for species such as redfish, speckled trout, flounder, sheepshead, and black drum. 

These fish are naturally drawn to the scent and movement of shrimp, making it a versatile bait choice for anglers targeting a variety of coastal species.

Shrimp bait is effective in various coastal environments, including sandy beaches, estuaries, and grassy flats. 

Anglers often find success using shrimp near structures like jetties, oyster beds, and submerged vegetation where shrimp are abundant.

 Using larger shrimp or adding attractants can help fish locate the bait in murky water, where visibility is reduced. 

A more natural presentation with smaller shrimp may be effective in clear water.

Sand Fleas

Sand Fleas

Sand fleas, mole crabs, or sand crabs are small crustaceans commonly found along sandy shores. 

These tiny creatures make for excellent surf fishing bait due to their prevalence in coastal areas and their appeal to a variety of fish species. 

Collecting sand fleas involves locating areas where they burrow in the sand. Look for damp, sandy areas along the shoreline, especially in the swash zone where waves wash ashore. 

Sand fleas are often found in clusters; small, V-shaped markings on the sand indicate their presence. Sand fleas are abundant in sandy coastal areas, making them suitable for surf fishing on beaches and inshore areas. Look for troughs and sandbars where fish will likely feed on the natural abundance of sand fleas.

Gently scoop the sand around the marked areas using a specialized sand flea rake or a small, flat shovel. 

Take care not to disturb the sand too much, as sand fleas are sensitive to vibrations. 

Collect the sand in a bucket and sift through it to separate the sand fleas from debris.

After collection, sort through the sand fleas, discarding any damaged or dead ones. 

Transfer the healthy sand fleas to a separate container with damp sand, keeping them cool and moist to maintain their liveliness.

Hooking Techniques

Rigging sand fleas involves carefully threading the hook through the tougher rear part of the body, ensuring it remains securely attached. 

This allows the sand flea to move naturally in the water, making it a more convincing and enticing bait for fish.

Natural Drift

Using sand fleas as bait allows them to drift naturally in the surf. Fish often target sand fleas as they wash in and out with the tide, making them a prime target for species like pompano, whiting, and various types of surf perch.

Combining with Other Baits

Sand fleas can be used on their own or combined with other baits to create a more enticing presentation. 

The scent profile of shrimp and cut bait is often combined with them by anglers to attract a variety of species of fish.

Species Attracted to Sand Fleas

Sand fleas are particularly effective for pompano, whiting, surf perch, and drum species. 

These fish are accustomed to foraging for small crustaceans along the shoreline, making sand fleas a natural and appealing bait choice.

To maximize the effectiveness of sand fleas, store them in a cooler with damp sand or seaweed to maintain their freshness and prevent them from drying out. Frequent water changes and a cool environment contribute to their longevity as a viable bait option.



Bloodworms, the larvae of certain species of marine worms, are a highly effective and widely used bait in surf fishing. 

Known for their distinct red color and potent scent, bloodworms attract a variety of fish species in coastal waters. 

Bloodworms are cylindrical, legless larvae with a bright red hue, owing to their bodies’ hemoglobin presence. 

This natural red coloration is a visual attractant for fish, and the strong, iron-like scent emitted by bloodworms in the water serves as an additional allure. Bloodworms are particularly effective for enticing species such as striped bass, bluefish, black drum, croaker, and various types of panfish. 

The combination of visual appeal and potent scent makes bloodworms a versatile and attractive option for a range of coastal fish. 

Bloodworms are well-suited for fishing in muddy or sandy bottoms, where bottom-feeding fish are likely to be foraging for food. 

Pier pilings, jetties, and estuarine channels are also productive locations for using bloodworms.

Sourcing Bloodworms

Bloodworms are commercially available at many bait and tackle shops, often in containers or bags. 

Alternatively, anglers can collect bloodworms from mudflats or sandy tidal areas during low tide. 

Careful digging with a specialized bloodworm rake or shovel is necessary to avoid damaging the delicate worms.

Handling and Storage

Handle bloodworms with care to prevent injury; their delicate bodies are prone to breakage. 

Keep them cool and moist during transport and storage by placing them in damp seaweed or newspaper containers. 

Avoid direct exposure to sunlight, as bloodworms are sensitive to light.

Hooking Techniques

Rig bloodworms on the hook by threading them carefully to avoid tearing. Depending on the size of the bloodworm and the targeted fish species, anglers can use a single bloodworm or thread multiple worms onto the hook for a larger presentation. 

The goal is to create a lifelike and enticing bait that mimics the movement of natural prey.

Fishing Techniques

Bottom Fishing: Bloodworms are often used as bottom fishing bait, where they can attract fish species such as flounder, sea bass, and spot. 

Rigging bloodworms on a bottom rig with an appropriate weight allows them to reach the sea floor, maximizing their visibility to bottom-feeding fish.

 Drift Fishing: In areas with a moderate current, anglers can use bloodworms for drift fishing. This involves casting the bait into the current, allowing it to naturally drift with the water flow. 

This technique can be effective for species like striped bass and bluefish.

To enhance the scent trail of bloodworms, anglers can apply bloodworm extracts or scents to their baits. 

This can be especially beneficial when natural scent dispersion is limited, such as in deeper water or strong currents. 

Experiment with the depth at which bloodworms are presented to find the most effective zone for the target species. 

Adjusting the leader length or adding weight to the rig allows anglers to vary the depth at which the bloodworm is swimming, increasing the chances of attracting fish.


squid strips

Squid, a cephalopod mollusk, is a popular and versatile bait for surf fishing. With its soft texture, strong scent, and ability to mimic various prey, squid attracts a wide range of coastal fish species. 

Squid possess a unique combination of attributes that make them effective as bait. 

Their soft and durable bodies can withstand casting and attract fish with lifelike swimming action. 

The natural scent of squid in the water and their realistic appearance make them a compelling choice for surf anglers.

Squid is an enticing bait for diverse species, including striped bass, bluefish, flounder, sea bass, black drum, and even sharks and rays. 

The versatility of squid makes it suitable for various fishing scenarios and target species.

Whole Squid

Using whole squid involves rigging the entire body onto the hook. 

Anglers can make precise cuts to create a more realistic presentation, allowing the squid to move naturally in the water. 

Whole squid is particularly effective for larger species such as striped bass, sharks, and rays.

 Squid Strips

Squid strips, obtained by cutting squid into long, thin pieces, offer a versatile presentation. 

These strips can be rigged individually or combined with other baits, providing an attractive visual and scent profile. 

Squid strips are effective for flounder, sea bass, and bluefish species.

Fishing Techniques

Bottom Fishing: When targeting bottom-feeding species, rigging whole squid or strips on a bottom rig can be highly effective. 

The bait can be presented on or near the seafloor, where species such as flounder, sea bass, and black drum are likely to forage.

Trolling and Casting: Anglers can troll or cast squid lures for more aggressive species like bluefish and striped bass.

Squid-shaped lures with built-in hooks and realistic movement can mimic injured prey, enticing predatory fish to strike. 

Trolling these lures behind a boat or casting them from the shore can effectively cover larger areas.

Squid can be effectively used in a range of coastal environments, including rocky shorelines, jetties, piers, and sandy beaches. 

Understanding the preferences and feeding habits of the target species helps determine the most productive locations for using squid as bait.

Using Squid with Other Baits

Combining squid with other baits, such as bloodworms or cut bait, can create a more complex scent profile and increase the chances of attracting a variety of fish species. 

Experiment with different bait combinations to find the most effective mix for the target environment.

Rigging Techniques

For whole squid, experimenting with rigging techniques can enhance the presentation. 

Options include:

  • Hooking the squid through the mantle.
  • Securing it through the eyes.
  • Using multiple hooks to create a more dynamic and lifelike swimming action.


Bass Fishing Tips For Beginners

Baitfish, a dynamic and natural option for surf fishing, are small fish species used as live or cut bait. 

Their lively movement and scent make them attractive to a variety of predatory fish. 

Choosing the right species of live baitfish is crucial. Common options include mullet, menhaden (bunker), spot, and pinfish. 

Each species has a distinct scent and swimming pattern that can attract specific types of predatory fish. Baitfish can attract a wide range of predators, including striped bass, bluefish, redfish, flounder, and larger predatory species like sharks. 

 Baitfish Health and Size

Select healthy and lively baitfish for optimal results. Size is also important; choose baitfish that match the size of the target species. 

Larger baitfish may attract larger predators, while smaller ones can entice a wider range of fish.

Cut Baitfish

Cut baitfish involves slicing the fish into sections or fillets to create smaller, manageable pieces. 

The cut choice (head, tail, or fillet) depends on the target species and the desired presentation.

Rigging Techniques

Rigging cut baitfish involves securing the pieces to the hook to maximize their natural movement. 

Options include using a single hook through the head or tail or employing multiple hooks for larger sections.

Fishing Techniques

Drift Fishing: Live baitfish can be employed in drift fishing, allowing them to move naturally with the current. 

Rigging them on a free line or under a float enables them to cover a larger area and attract the attention of predatory fish.

 Bottom Fishing: For both live and cut baitfish, bottom fishing is a common technique. Rig the baitfish on a bottom rig, allowing it to rest on the sea floor. 

This method is effective for flounder, redfish, and black drum species.

Baitfish are versatile and can be used in various fishing locations, including sandy beaches, rocky shorelines, jetties, and estuaries. 

Adjusting the rigging and presentation based on the specific environment increases the chances of success.

Artificial Baits:

Artificial Lures

Mullet and Mackerel

Mullet, a common baitfish, is prized for its availability, durability, and attractiveness to a wide range of predatory fish. 

Choose a healthy and lively mullet for optimal results. Mullets are available in various sizes, allowing anglers to match the bait size to the target species. 

Larger mullet may attract larger predators, while smaller ones can entice a broader range of fish. Mullet is effective in attracting a variety of species, including redfish, speckled trout, flounder, black drum, and larger predators like sharks and bull reds.

Mullet can be used in a range of fishing environments, including sandy beaches, estuaries, and nearshore areas with structures like jetties or piers.

Rigging Techniques

Rigging live mullet involves hooking them strategically to allow for natural swimming movements. 

Options include hooking through the lips, back, or tail, depending on the desired presentation and the behavior of the target species.

Presentation Techniques

Free-Lining: Allowing live mullet to swim freely with minimal weight, making it an enticing option for predatory fish. 

This technique is particularly effective in areas with moderate current.

Under a Float: Rigging mullet under a float allows them to swim at a controlled depth, making them visible to fish cruising near the surface. 

This is effective for species like redfish and speckled trout.

Bottom Fishing: Rigging mullet on a bottom rig is effective for species that forage near the sea floor, such as flounder, black drum, and sheepshead.


With their oily flesh and strong scent, mackerel are excellent baitfish for surf fishing. 

Select fresh and whole mackerel for optimal results. Mackerel can be obtained from bait shops or caught using cast nets, and their oily nature makes them effective for attracting predatory fish. Mackerel is attractive to a variety of species, including king mackerel, bluefish, sharks, and other larger predatory fish.

Mackerel can be used in both nearshore and offshore environments, making them versatile for targeting different species in varying coastal conditions.

Rigging Techniques

  • Whole Mackerel: Rigging whole mackerel involves securing the fish to the hook through the head, tail, or body. 
  • This presentation is effective for larger predatory species like sharks and larger gamefish.
  • Mackerel Fillets: Cutting mackerel into fillets creates manageable bait portions. 
  • Rig the fillets through the skin or use multiple pieces on a hook to enhance movement.

Fishing Techniques

  • Trolling: Trolling with whole mackerel or mackerel lures effectively covers larger areas and entices aggressive predators like king mackerel, bluefish, and larger gamefish.
  • Bottom Fishing: Rigging mackerel on a bottom rig is effective for species like grouper and snapper that forage near the sea floor.

Whether using mullet or mackerel, freshness is crucial. 

Use recently caught or store-bought baitfish to ensure they emit the strongest scent and maintain their attractiveness to fish.

Keep baitfish fresh by storing them in a cooler with ice or a refrigerated baitwell. This prevents spoilage and maintains the bait’s appeal.

Topwater Lures

Topwater Lures

Topwater lures are an exciting and effective choice for surf fishing, enticing predatory fish to strike at the water’s surface. 

These lures mimic wounded or struggling prey, creating a visible and thrilling presentation for anglers. 

Topwater lures can be effective for a variety of coastal fish species, including:

  • Striped Bass: Poppers and walk-the-dog lures are popular for enticing striped bass in the surf.
  • Bluefish: Fast-moving topwater lures can trigger aggressive strikes from bluefish.
  • Redfish: Walk-the-dog lures and prop baits can attract redfish in shallow waters.
  • Speckled Trout: Poppers and twitch baits attract speckled trout in estuaries and along the shore.
  • Snook: Walk-the-dog lures and prop baits work well to entice snook into the surf and nearby structures.

Types of Topwater Lures



Poppers have a concave face that creates a splashing and popping action when retrieved. 

This surface disruption imitates a distressed baitfish, attracting fish from below. Poppers are effective for striped bass, bluefish, and speckled trout. Here are the best Topwater lures for surf fishing:

Walk-the-Dog Lures

Walk-the-dog lures feature a side-to-side, zigzagging action when retrieved. Anglers achieve this action by twitching the rod tip during the retrieve. 

These lures imitate wounded or fleeing prey, making them appealing to species such as redfish, seatrout, and snook.

Prop Baits

Prop baits have rotating blades or propellers that churn the water’s surface, creating disturbance and noise. 

This action imitates a struggling or injured baitfish. Prop baits are effective for a variety of species, including bass, bluefish, and mackerel.

Retrieval Techniques

Twitching and Pausing

For walk-the-dog lures, incorporate a series of quick twitches and pauses during the retrieve. 

This mimics the erratic movements of injured prey and can trigger aggressive strikes.

Pulsating Retrieval

With poppers, create a pulsating action by sharply jerking the rod to make the lure pop and splash. 

Pausing between pops allows fish to target the stationary bait.

Steady Retrieve

Some topwater lures, like prop baits, work well with a steady and consistent retrieve. 

The rotating blades or propellers create a continuous surface disturbance, attracting fish.

Topwater lures are often more effective during low light conditions, such as dawn and dusk, when predatory fish feed near the surface.

In relatively calm water, the action of topwater lures is more pronounced and visible to fish. 

Use topwater lures in areas with minimal surface disturbance.

Topwater lures are ideal for fishing in shallow waters, where the surface disturbance can draw fish from the depths. 

This is especially effective in areas with submerged structures.

Ensure your topwater lures have barbed hooks to increase hook-setting efficiency when a fish strikes.

Bright colors can be effective in murky water, while more natural tones may work well in clear conditions.

During the retrieve, keep tension on the line to ensure a better feel for strikes. This is crucial for promptly setting the hook when a fish bites.

Experiment with the speed of your retrieve to determine what triggers the most aggressive strikes. Some species may prefer a faster retrieval, while others respond better to a slower presentation.

How to fish with surf fishing bait 

Fishing with surf fishing bait involves a combination of skill, technique, and understanding the fish’s behavior and environment. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to fish with surf fishing bait:

Selecting the Right Equipment:

  • A surf fishing rod and reel combo should be selected according to the target species and the conditions of the surf.
  • Use a strong and durable fishing line, typically in the 15 to 30-pound test range.
  • Select the appropriate surf fishing bait based on the species you’re targeting.

Choosing the Right Bait:

  • You should choose bait that mimics the target species’ natural prey based on the local forage.
  • Match the bait to the conditions (live or cut bait, lures, etc.).
  • Ensure the bait is fresh and presented in a way that entices fish.

Understanding Surf Conditions:

  • Observe the surf conditions, including wave size, current strength, and water clarity.
  • Fish during optimal tidal conditions, typically during incoming tides when fish are more active.

Rigging Your Bait:

  • Based on the fishing conditions and target species, use appropriate bait rigging techniques, such as Carolina rigs, fish finder rigs, or dropper loop rigs.
  • In order to withstand the casting force, make sure the hook is securely attached to your bait.


  • For stability, stand with your feet shoulder-width apart.
  • Hold the rod with a firm grip and cast using a smooth, controlled motion.
  • Aim to cast beyond the breaking waves into deeper water where fish may be feeding.

Setting Up Your Rod:

  • Place the rod in a sturdy sand spike or rod holder to keep it secure.
  • Set the drag on your reel to accommodate the strength of the target species.
  • Keep the rod tip up to maintain tension on the line.

Patience and Awareness:

  • Stay vigilant and watch for any movement or tugs on the rod tip that indicate a bite.
  • Be patient; surf fishing often requires waiting for the fish to come within range.

Retrieving the Catch:

  • When you feel a bite, allow the fish to take the bait for a moment before setting the hook.
  • Execute a smooth and firm hook set by raising the rod sharply.
  • Reel in the fish steadily, keeping tension on the line.

Handling and Releasing Fish:

  • Handle fish with wet hands to protect their slimy coating.
  • Use a de-hooking tool to safely remove the hook.
  • If you’re practicing catch-and-release, release the fish gently and ensure it swims away strongly.

Adapting to Conditions:

  • Adjust your tactics based on changing surf and weather conditions.
  • Experiment with different bait presentations and locations to find the most productive spots.

Safety Considerations:

  • Be mindful of the surf, and always be aware of your surroundings.
  • When necessary, wear life jackets or other safety gear.

By following these steps and continually refining your techniques, you’ll enhance your ability to fish effectively with surf fishing bait and increase your chances of catching various coastal species.


In the rhythmic dance of waves and the timeless ebb and flow of tides, surf fishing emerges as both an art and a science. 

It’s a pursuit that demands skill with a rod and reel and a deep understanding of the ever-shifting dynamics of the coastal environment. 

As the angler stands on the shore, the choice of surf fishing baits becomes crucial in the delicate symphony that unfolds where land meets sea.

From the tantalizing dance of live bait to the mimicry of the ocean’s inhabitants with artificial lures, each choice is a brushstroke on the canvas of possibility. 

The angler, armed with knowledge and patience, casts into the unknown, inviting the mysteries of the deep to join in the dialogue. 

Surf fishing baits are more than tools; they are storytellers. 

As the sun sets over the horizon and the last cast is made, the angler departs the shoreline with more than a tally of catches. 

They carry the echoes of the surf, the whispers of the ocean, and the knowledge that the journey is as rewarding as the destination in the world of surf fishing. The baits, chosen with care and cast with intention, become the conduits to a world beneath the surface—a realm of mystery, unpredictability, and untold wonders. 

At the conclusion of each fishing excursion, it’s not just the memories of the day’s catches that linger; it’s the enduring connection to the timeless dance between angler and sea.

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